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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2773\margr3797\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2773\margrsxn3797\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li68\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 326      LATER PRATlHARAS : THE GAHADAVALAS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 cessor, Anandapala, was threatened by the aggressions \expndtw8 of Mahmud. On both the occasions the confederate armies were defeated. At last, the turn of Rajyapala \expndtw4 came in December 1018 A.D., but he fled across the \expndtw7 Ganges to Bari, not being able to muster sufficient \expndtw6 courage for a contest with Mahmud. This pusillanim\-\expndtw3 ous submission of the Pratihara monarch enraged the \expndtw2 Candella chief, Ganda, and he sent a force under the \expndtw4 command of the crown-prince, Vidyadharadeva, who \expndtw-1 killed Rajyapala and placed his son, Trilocanapala, on the \expndtw6 throne.\super 1\nosupersub  When Mahmud received advices of the event \expndtw4 he marched towards Kanauj in the autumn of H. 410= \expndtw2 1019 A.D,, and utterly routed. Trilocanapala in the \expndtw14 engagement that followed. The latter, however, \expndtw1 escaped death, and is known to have been alive in 1027 \expndtw10 A.D. The last ruler of the line was perhaps Yasah-\expndtw2 pala, referred to in an inscription of the year 1036 A.D.\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi2311\ri1296\sb61\sa0\sl-389\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 The Gahadavalas Chaotic conditions}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi490\ri50\sb94\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 After the dismemberment of the Pratihara empire, \expndtw7 there were repeated incursions in the Gangetic Doab. \expndtw9 In. H. 424\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 1033 A.D. it was overrun by Ahmad \expndtw8 Nialngin, governor of the Punjab, who led his army \expndtw2 right up to Benares, then in possession of Ganga or \expndtw8 Gangcyadeva Cedi.\super 3\nosupersub  Ample evidence exists to show}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li400\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 1\nosupersub  \i History oj Knnauj, \i0 pp. 2.85 -87.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi407\ri50\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ~ With the decline of the Pratihara family of Kanauj> the \expndtw12 Pratlharas did not entirely fade into oblivion. We hear of \expndtw5 Pratihara chiefs ruling in different localities long afterwards, cf. \i\expndtw9 e.j!., \i0 Kurcttha (Gwalior State) plates of Malaya varman, dated \expndtw10 V. E. 1207, and of his brother Nrivarman, dated V. E. 1304 \i\expndtw1 (Prog. Rep. A. S. W. \i0 C, 1915-16, p. 59; Bhandarkar's list, Nos. 475 \expndtw3 and '5 41). Dr. A. S. Altekar of the Benares Hindu University has also recently discovered a fragmentary inscription of Malayavar-\expndtw2 man in the Kotah State. He is editing it for the \i ItLpigraphia Indica.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li403\fi0\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 "Elliot, \i History of India, \i0 Vol. II, pp. 123-24.}\par }